Bashan, Syria was the home of a race of giants, the Rephaim. They built basalt cities in this area, explored in the early 1900s by Josiah Porter. Since it is near Baalbek and legends say Nimrod had a race of giants rebuild Baalbek after the Great Flood, it seems that the Rephaim may have been involved. The Rephaim were one of 38 tribes of giants not destroyed by the Great Flood. In the end, all the giants were destroyed by the descendants of Noah by the sword.